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1. Different scientists, analyzing the same data, may arrive at wholly different and sometimes _____ interpretations.
2. In some developing countries, the sales of imported brands are severely affected by the widespread availability of cheaper _____ goods that look almost exactly the same.
3. The French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre’s _____ writing theme was that man is alone in the world and has to shape his own life.
4. Some safe _____ methods are recommended by doctors to get fertility control.
5. The prices of goods are soaring, and the government is trying very hard to fight the _____.
6. His interpersonal relationship does not take place in physical reality. Most of his friends are _____.
7. John lost his life in a _____ effort to save the child from drowning.
8. How did a man of so little personal _____ get to be prime minister?
9. She's been in the _____ recently, following her heated debate on some political issues.
10. I didn't _____ my high school classmate until she introduced herself to me at the conference.
11. The suspect denies _____ into the house, but there is quite enough convincing evidence _____ him guilty.
(A)to break, proving
(C)broken, having proven
(D)breaking, to prove
12. Each of them _____ to bring _____ own book to the next class.
13. I’m not surprised that they are good students. They do nothing but _____.
14. _____, inform their parents.
(A)The children misbehave
(B)Would the children misbehave
(C)Were the children to misbehave
(D)Should the children misbehave
15. Supposing no one _____, what would you do with all the food you have prepared?
16. Adam has a lot of experience _____ teaching young children; moreover, he has considerable patience _____ them.
17. If Kim thinks that I’m going to let her copy my math homework, she’s _____.
(A)beating around the bush
(B)getting stuck between a rock and a hard place
(C)barking up at the wrong tree
(D)standing up for herself
18. I cannot _____ my new boss. He is too demanding.
(C)get on with
19. As a customer service representative, he has to deal with complaints from clients, _____ are hard to please.
(A)many of who
(B)many of which
(C)many of them
(D)of whom many
20. We feel very sorry to cancel the appointment _____, and we will do everything within our power to make up for it.
(A)at your earliest convenience
(B)at your own risk
(C)for your own trouble
(D)on such short notice
21. The monthly rent is the same _____ how many occupants there are.
(D)in proportion as
22. Animal rights groups are opposed _____ health and beauty products on animals.
23. A number of automobile _____ agencies are located on the lower level of the airport.
24. Some construction firms look for ways to _____ in order to earn a greater profit.
25. You should have avoided _____ her divorce.
(A)to talk about
The antismoking lobby succeeded
people knew without being told that cigarettes were killing their friends and families. They demanded hard data about the risks of breathing in secondhand smoke. They disbelieved glib assurances that cigarettes were
and that the right to smoke
the right to breathe clean air. More important, antismoking activists changed our idea of what smoking is all about. They uncooled the cigarette companies and their brands, forever
smoking and death in all of our minds. It was, perhaps, the first victory in the fight for our mental environment
an ecology as rife with
as any befouled river or cloud of smog. We long ago learned to watch what we dump into nature or absorb into our bodies; now we need to be equally carefu
l about what we take into our minds.
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a
disorder in which people have trouble sleeping. They may have difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep
desired. Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, low energy,
, and a depressed mood. It may result in an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions, as well as problems
. Insomnia can be short term, lasting for days or weeks, or long term, lasting more than a month. The concept of the word insomnia has two possibilities: insomnia disorder and insomnia symptoms, and many
of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews often underreport on which of these two possibilities the word insomnia refers to.
(A)as long as
(B)as soon as
(C)as more as
(D)no sooner than
(A)study and to work
(B)studying for work
(C)focusing and learning
(D)focus and learn
For a long time, many psychologists embraced a victim narrative about trauma, believing that severe stress causes long-lasting and perhaps irreparable damage to one's psyche and health. In 1980, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was added to the list of mental disorders and has since received a lot of attention in the media and among ordinary individuals trying to understand what happens to people in the wake of tragic life events. Yet psychologists now know that only a small percentage of people develop the full-blown disorder while, on average, anywhere from one half to two-thirds of trauma survivors exhibit what's known as post-traumatic growth. After a crisis, most people acquire a newfound sense of purpose, develop deeper relationships, have a greater appreciation of life, and report other benefits.
In American culture, when people are feeling depressed or anxious, they are often advised to do what makes them happy; they are encouraged to distract themselves from bad news and difficult feelings, to limit their time on social media and to exercise. However, the happy feelings one gets by doing pleasant things fade fast, and soon the sad mood takes over, plunging one into a deeper abyss of melancholy. A better strategy to cope with trauma has to do with meaning-seeking. When people search for meaning, they often do not feel happy, because the things that make our lives meaningful, like volunteering or working, are stressful and require effort. But months later, the meaning seekers not only reported fewer negative moods but also felt more enriched, inspired and part of something greater than themselves. Therefore, although none of us can avoid suffering, we can still learn to suffer well.
What is this passage mainly about?
(A)PTSD as a widespread mental disorder.
(B)A good way to deal with trauma.
(C)How to find happiness in life.
(D)Suffering as a meaning of life.
37. Which of the following statements is true about the first paragraph?
(A)Stress inevitably causes permanent damage to one's mind and body.
(B)PTSD should have been listed earlier as one of the mental disorders.
(C)Most people are able to survive and grow from a traumatic experience.
(D)The more serious one's crisis is, the more growth one can exhibit.
38. According to the second paragraph, which of the following options can best help one to recover from a traumatic experience?
(A)To do something cheerful as distraction.
(B)To find meaning in the unhappy experience.
(C)To seek help from a professional psychologist.
(D)To eat well, exercise well, and sleep well.
39. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the phrase in the wake of in the first paragraph?
40. Which of the following has the least to do with post-traumatic growth?
(A)To awaken to the futility of all struggles.
(B)To discover new sense of purpose in life.
(C)To appreciate the meaning of life better.
(D)To develop a closer bond with loved ones.